[TCM Herbs] Ren Shen【中草药】人参

This post is the first follow-up of the previous blog post [Diabetes] Commonly used herbs in TCM remedies 【消渴症(糖尿病)】中医处方里常见的中药

  • 人参(Ren Shen)Ginseng

Panax-Ginseng-vs-American-Ginseng-1

 

Properties:Sweet, slightly bitter, slightly warm
药性:甘,微苦,微温

How it helps in diabetes treatment: Strongly tonifies the body’s Yuan (original) Qi which invigorates the human body. It is also known to promote blood circulation. In some clinical studies, it is shown that ginseng reduces insulin resistance and thus helps to normalise blood glucose levels.

如何应用于糖尿病患:人参大补元气,增强体力,促进血液循环。医学研究也指出人参可以降低胰岛素对抗,降低血糖。

So, the question is, which should be used in diabetes treatment: Asian Ginseng or American Ginseng?

或许有人为问:在糖尿病的中医治疗中,应用人参还是西洋参

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Both Ginseng and American ginseng have been used to treat patients with diabetes. However, it should be noted that TCM treatment takes into account a holistic view of the patient’s health and body condition. Speaking from personal experience, the concept of syndrome differentiation also allows TCM treatments to be flexible and dynamic. This is vital to patients because treatment is targeted to fix the body’s core problems (imbalances), thus boosting the body’s immunity while minimising adverse effects on the patient’s health. Hence, the overall heatiness/ coolness of the TCM prescription should suit the body constituent of the patient for treatment to be effective.

To sum up, Ginseng’s medicinal effect to tonify the spleen and lungs is relatively stronger than American ginseng but it is important to note the dosage used and complement it with other suitable herbs to prevent heatiness. American ginseng, on the other hand, is suited for patients with both Qi and Yin deficiency.

人参和西洋参都用于治疗糖尿病,但中医注重人的整体观以及辨证论治。根据经验,辨证论治的治疗有其针对性,能准确、有效地改善人体最主要的不平衡以缓解和治疗疾病。更重要的是,这样能提高人体的正气,同时减低治疗对人体健康的损害。因此,处方整体的温/凉必须适合病患的体质以达到治疗目的。

综归之,人参在补益脾肺之气作用较强,但必须注意用量并适当搭配其他药材以防化热;西洋参较适用于气阴两伤有热者。

♡ 

Mabel @ singaporetcmblog

缤缤 @ 新加坡中医学部落格

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